Closer to home: Delivering antiretroviral therapy in the community

There has been remarkable progress in the past decade in increasing the access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-limited settings. Ambitious target setting by the World Health Organization and UNAIDS backed by substantial financial support from major donors has catalysed a global effort to scale up access to ART. At the end of 2011, more than eight million people were receiving ART in low- and middle-income countries; more than three quarters of all people on ART live in Africa.