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Comprehensive TB/HIV Services at Primary Health Care Level

Comprehensive TB/HIV Services at Primary Health Care Level. Khayelitsha Annual Activity Report: 2007 - 2008

Khayelitsha, a large township with around 500,0001Town, has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in South Africa. The majority of the population lives in informal housing, and there are alarming rates of poverty, unemployment, and crime, including sexual violence.

Khayelitsha carries one of the highest burdens of both HIV and tuberculosis (TB) in the country.  In 2007 antenatal HIV prevalence was 30.2%, and 31% of all adults on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the Cape Town Metropolitan area are treated in Khayelitsha. The TB incidence rate reached nearly 1,600 per 100,000 in 2006, and TB/HIV co-infection is close to 70%.