Despite having been decriminalized in 2006, safe abortion in Colombia is not a reality for women in Colombia, who face multiple barriers even within the health system itself.
Although abortion was decriminalized in Colombia more than a decade ago, women and girls still face multiple barriers when seeking to end their pregnancies.
On the occasion of International Safe Abortion Day on 28 September, international medical organisation Doctors Without Borders (MSF) launches its report Unsafe abortion, women at risk, based on data collected during its work across the country.
MSF provides terminations of pregnancy in all of its projects in Colombia – in Buenaventura, Nariño, Arauca and Norte de Santander.
The evidence collected in MSF’s report indicates that women and girls seeking to terminate their pregnancies in Colombia face both social barriers and obstacles within the health sector itself.
Eighty-eight percent of the 428 patients treated by MSF in 2017-18 faced at least one of the following barriers:
1. The belief that abortion is against the law
47% were unaware that they could access a free and safe abortion, and many believed that abortion was illegal.
2. Social rejection.
5% had been rejected or stigmatised by family and close friends.
3. Socio-economic barriers
Women and girls from rural areas have to travel to major cities to access a safe abortion, which many cannot afford to do.
Of the 143 women referred to MSF by other health institutions for a safe abortion, 103 (70%) had had to travel from their homes to cities such as Cali, Medellin, Pasto and Villavicencio.
4. Rejection, stigma and ignorance within the health system
27% of women who came to MSF had previously been denied access to a safe abortion in other health facilities.
Many had faced verbal abuse, prejudice, breaches of confidentiality, misinformation about the law, ignorance of procedures and protocols, and delays and system failures due to a lack of trained staff or a lack of medications.
Unsafe abortion, medical emergency
When a woman or girl is determined to terminate her pregnancy, she will usually try to do so, regardless of the safety and legality of the procedure.
Without access to safe abortion services, women and girls may put their health and even their lives at risk. The most common method is to consult an unqualified abortion practitioner or to try to carry out the termination oneself.
Many common methods are ineffective but can still cause lasting damage. Unsafe abortion is one of the five leading causes of maternal mortality worldwide and is the only one that is completely avoidable.
Based on its experience working in Colombia, MSF calls on health institutions to:
• Prevent unwanted pregnancies, by increasing and simplifying access to family planning services, with an emphasis on adolescents and on women living in poverty and in rural environments.
• Prevent deaths and consequences of unsafe abortions, by ensuring that comprehensive safe abortion services are available and accessible to women and girls across the country.
• Strengthen health promotion and prevention services, including the legal rights of women and girls to access safe abortions.
Read about MSF's activities in Colombia