In situations of conflict and crisis, patients sometimes need more than basic care. Due to the ever-increasing number of man-made and natural disasters in the world, MSF has made the strategic decision to scale up its surgical work in the field, particularly in conflict-prone regions.

When no advanced medical care is available in a region, MSF may set up a surgical programme or even open a hospital to provide care to patients who would not otherwise be able to get help.

Surgical interventions range from emergency surgery, for example in the Central Africa Republic (CAR) to reconstructive surgery for victims of war.

Jordan: Upgraded reconstructive surgery hospital for victims of war

A newly upgraded reconstructive surgery hospital in Amman, Jordan, was opened by Doctors Without Borders (MSF) in 2015. The hospital serves war wounded patients from across the region who have no access to specialised surgical care.

The hospital provides a comprehensive care package for its patients, which includes physiotherapy and psychosocial support alongside surgical interventions.

"While they may receive initial care for their wounds, our patients do not usually have access to such specialised surgical procedures in their home countries, which are mostly at war. These hard to reach services include orthopaedic, maxillofacial and plastic reconstructive surgery, which we provide at no cost to the patients and lower running costs than the private sector," said Dr Ashraf Al Bostanji, Head Surgeon.