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Briefing Document

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Clinical mentorship programme report and toolkit

In 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) produced recommendations for clinical mentorship in resource limited settings, in response to the pressing need to scale up the provision of antiretroviral treatment (ART) for eligible patients. The WHO document emphasizes the need for training and mentorship support of clinicians in order to decentralize services to district hospitals and primary health care centres; decentralization, in turn, not only leads to increased access to ART, but can promote long term adherence through proximity to care.