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Japan

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Natural disasters

Japan tsunami

  • The earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan on 11 March 2011 devastated the northeastern coast of Honshu island.
  • Approximately 15,000 people were killed and 6,000 were injured.
  • Japanese emergency teams were largely able to respond to the needs of survivors, and MSF offered specialist assistance.
  • The day after the quake and tsunami, staff made their way to affected areas by helicopter and began providing survivors with medical care and distributing relief items.
  • In the weeks that followed, MSF distributed blankets, water, a generator for a temporary shelter in Baba-Nakayama village and hygiene kits containing soap, toothbrushes, toothpaste and towels. MSF also provided kits containing batteries, candles and matches 

Work in Minami Sanriku and Taro

  • MSF worked principally in the northern coastal towns of Minami Sanriku and Taro, where the main healthcare facilities were totally destroyed.
  • MSF delivered two 30-seater buses to authorities in Minami Sanriku to help transport patients from evacuation centres and temporary housing to medical facilities.
  • At the request of people staying in a centre in Baba-Nakayama, MSF designed and helped construct a semi-permanent shelter close by.
  • In Taro, MSF designed and built a temporary clinic, for use until a more permanent structure was completed. This was handed over to local health authorities in December.
  • MSF also delivered a vehicle specifically designed to transport disabled patients living in and around Taro.

 
Psychological support

  • After the initial emergency response, the team shifted focus to the mental health needs of survivors, offering psychological support, especially for people living in evacuation centres.
  • MSF psychologists carried out activities to raise awareness of mental health issues and the support that was available.
  • MSF staff accompanied nurses on visits to temporary shelters and provided direct training in mental health during consultations with patients.
  • In April, a café was set up near the Bayside Arena of Minami Sanriku. Here, people could talk in an informal setting, with a team of MSF psychologists on hand to provide counselling.
  • The main problems reported by people at the café related to stress management, difficulties with memory and concentration, and sleeping disorders due to crowded conditions in temporary housing.
  • At the end of June, MSF handed over its activities at the café to a local association.

 
For the latest news on where we work visit: http://activityreport.msf.org/
MSF began working in the country in 2011.