MSF, Doctors Without Borders, Med Sea, 10 people found dead
Mediterranean Migration

MSF Cleared of Illegal Migration Accusations

Rome, April 19, 2024 - After seven years of false accusations, defamatory statements, and a blatant criminalisation campaign towards organisations performing search and rescue operations at sea, the investigation launched by the prosecutor's office in Trapani, Sicily in late 2016 was dismissed today.

The case saw Doctors Without Borders (MSF) and other organisations conducting search and rescue investigated on the unfounded charge of aiding and abetting “illegal immigration”. It involved a mammoth indictment based on inferences, wiretaps, false statements, and an interpretation of rescue mechanisms that were deliberately distorted in order to present them as criminal acts.

MSF_Search and Rescue_ Central Mediterranean Sea crisis - No one came to our rescue

Jana Ciernioch – MSF Humanitarian Affairs Coordinator describes the advocacy report 'No one came to our rescue'

2023 has earned the unenviable record of the deadliest year in the Central Mediterranean since 2017.Jana Ciernioch – MSF Humanitarian Affairs Coordinator describes the advocacy report 'No one came to our rescue' in which MSF denounces the violent border practices & deliberate inaction of #EU states that have led to more deaths at sea.
MSF/Annalisa Ausilio

However, after a two-year preliminary hearing, the same prosecutor's office that opened the investigation acknowledged that the evidence showed that the NGOs were working with the sole intention of saving lives and asked that the case not continue to trial. The judge has now definitively closed the case, citing the baselessness of the accusations and erasing any suspicion of collaboration with smugglers.

"These unfounded accusations have attempted to tarnish the work of humanitarian search and rescue teams for years. They were intended to remove vessels from the sea and to counter their efforts of saving lives and bearing witness. Now these accusations have collapsed," said Dr Christos Christou, International President of MSF.

"Our thoughts are with our colleagues from MSF and other organisations who have been living under the weight of accusations for legitimately doing their jobs: saving people in distress at sea, in full transparency and compliance with the laws," says Dr Christou.

MSF_Search and Rescue_Mediterranean Sea crisis - No one came to our rescue
On 28 June 2023, the Geo Barents left port of La Spezia in Italy and headed towards the Search and Rescue zone in the Central Mediterranean for a new rotation.On 30 June 2023, the team spent a long day training on safe rescue operations and getting ready to face all possible scenarios.
MSF/Michela Rizzotti

During the seven-year limbo waiting for the ruling on this case, attacks on search and rescue have continued through a series of harmful policies. These include restrictive laws, the detention of civilian vessels and support to the Libyan Coast Guard, which hinders rescues and exacerbates suffering and human rights violations for people forcibly returned to Libya. Meanwhile, deaths in the Mediterranean Sea have continued to rise. The impact is deadly: 2023 was the year with the highest number of deaths since the allegations were first made against our team members in 2017.

According to the EU Fundamental Rights Agency, at least 63 legal or administrative cases have been brought by EU states against search and rescue NGOs (June 2023). In the past year, Italian authorities have detained humanitarian rescue vessels 21 times, amounting to 460 days where they were prevented to assist people in distress at sea. MSF's search and rescue vessel, Geo Barents, has just resumed operations after 20 days of unjust detention on the fallacious charge of endangering people’s lives after a Libyan patrol boat violently interrupted an ongoing rescue operation.

MSF, Doctors without borders, Geo Barents

MSF has been issued a detention order for 20 days by the Italian authorities

Geo Barents, the search and rescue ship operated by the international medical organisation Doctors Without Borders (MSF), has been issued a detention order for 20 days by the Italian authorities for allegedly failing to comply with instructions issued by the Libyan Coast Guard and endangering the lives of survivors during a rescue operation in the Central Mediterranean on 16 March – allegations which MSF strongly denies. We have appealed this unfair detention in front of the civil tribunal of Massa, Italy.

In addition, humanitarian ships are continuously being assigned to distant ports in the north of Italy to disembark survivors, keeping them away from the search and rescue area while people's lives are at risk.

Together with cynical policies of outsourcing border management to unsafe third countries, such as Libya, Italy and European members are turning their back on people seeking safety in Europe, contributing to fueling human suffering and ultimately showing a complete disregard for the protection of human lives.

"In these years, the Italian authorities have invested enormous resources in creating barriers to humanitarian action and in policies of death, while doing nothing to stop shipwrecks and open legal and safe routes for people fleeing through the Mediterranean," says Tommaso Fabbri, former head of mission for MSF, who was involved in the case. “Saving lives is not a crime, it is a moral and legal obligation, a fundamental act of humanity which simply must be done. Stop criminalising solidarity! All efforts must go into preventing unacceptable death and suffering and guaranteeing the right to rescue – bringing back humanity and the right to life in the Mediterranean Sea."

Fulvia, deputy search and rescue team leader
Fulvia, deputy search and rescue team leader, guides the team during training on the RHIBs (rigid-hull inflatable boats). The Geo Barents can be seen in the background.
Mahka Eslami

MSF is an international independent medical-humanitarian organisation providing assistance to people affected by conflict, epidemics, natural disasters and crises in more than 70 countries. MSF teams first began search and rescue operations in the Mediterranean in 2015 to fill the void left by the closure of the Mare Nostrum rescue operation. 

Since then, eight different MSF ships have helped to save more than 92,000 lives. Despite the barriers, MSF has not ceased its search and rescue operations, and to this day, its teams are engaged in rescue operations onboard the current vessel, Geo Barents.

"Our aid workers never stopped operating in MSF interventions across the world, just as our ships never stopped saving lives at sea. This has been our best response to all the accusations,” concludes Dr Christou.