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Briefing Document

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Decentralized diagnosis and treatment of DR-TB in Khayelitsha

Worldwide, drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is a serious public health concern. In South Africa, tuberculosis (TB), including DR-TB, was determined to be the leading cause of death in 2012. In Khayelitsha, a township on the outskirts of Cape Town with a high prevalence of HIV, there are epidemic levels of DR-TB, including multi and extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR/XDR-TB).