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Social violence | Healthcare exclusion 

Since the 25 August over 515,000 Rohingya people have crossed into Bangladesh to flee violence in Rakhine state, Myanmar. This represents one of the largest influxes of Rohingyas into Bangladesh since violence erupted in October 2016.

MSF teams have expanded activities in response to the influx of refugees. This new influx has pushed all actors to the limit. Camps are severely congested and refugees are in urgent need of food and clean drinking water.

A massive scale-up of humanitarian aid in Bangladesh is needed to avoid a massive public health disaster.

Many of those arriving are presenting with serious medical needs, such as violence-related injuries, severely infected wounds and advanced obstetric complications.

But conditions in the existing makeshift settlements and camps put people at great risk. With vaccination levels low, there is a danger that infections may spread. Much work is also needed to tackle malnutrition among the Rohingyas already in Bangladesh, as well as those remaining in Rakhine state.


Rohingya Refugee Emergency

Bangladesh: Rohingya Refugee crisis
More than 422,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh from Rakhine State in Myanmar following an escalation in violence on 25 August. Photo: Antonio Faccilongo

MSF's work in Bangladesh: 2016

In 2016, MSF continued to provide healthcare to vulnerable people in Bangladesh, including a large number of Rohingya refugees from Myanmar.


Close to the Kutupalong makeshift camp in Cox’s Bazar district, MSF runs a clinic offering comprehensive basic and emergency healthcare, as well as inpatient and laboratory services to Rohingya refugees and the local community.

There was a sharp increase in patient figures in the last two months of the year, due to a huge influx of Rohingya fleeing Myanmar’s northern Rakhine state.

The team treated 113 violence-related injuries in November and December, including 17 with gunshot wounds.

During the year, teams carried out 89,954 outpatient, 2,491 inpatient, and 4,559 mental health consultations. They also treated 103 victims of sexual violence in 2016, more than double the number in 2015. In addition, 15,194 antenatal consultations were conducted.

Kutupalong, Bangladesh. MSF's clinic
MSF’s clinic in Kutupalong, More than 422,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh from Rakhine State in Myanmar following an escalation in violence on 25 August. Photo: Antonio Faccilongo

Kamrangirchar slum

In Kamrangirchar slum, in the capital Dhaka, MSF offers reproductive healthcare to adolescent girls, carrying out 4,578 antenatal consultations and assisting 457 deliveries in 2016.

The team also provided medical and psychological support to 535 victims of sexual violence and intimate partner violence.

In addition, 2,324 family planning sessions and 2,379 individual mental health consultations were conducted with people of all ages.

MSF continues to run its occupational health programme for factory workers in Kamrangirchar, and this year carried out a total of 8,923 consultations.

No. staff in 2016: 331 | Expenditure: €4.3 million | Year MSF first worked in the country: 1985