MSF teams distribute essential items - including blankets, mosquito nets, and soap - to people in the wake of tropical cyclone Gati. Puntland, Somalia, December 2020.


Doctors Without Borders (MSF) runs projects in Somalia and Somaliland to assist people affected by conflict and extreme weather patterns, such as prolonged droughts and seasonal floods.

Over the past four decades, our teams have responded to recurring humanitarian and health emergencies caused by conflict, climate-related events such as widespread flooding and recurring droughts, as well as outbreaks of diseases such as cholera, measles, and COVID-19. 

Today, we continue to work in hospitals in Somalia and Somaliland, providing obstetric and paediatric care, in- and out-patient nutritional support, emergency services, and tuberculosis. Our teams also run mobile clinics providing basic healthcare in camps for internally displaced people and host communities. 
We carry out vaccination campaigns and respond to nutritional crises where feasible. MSF also provides resources to conduct ‘eye camps’, which reach thousands of people with eye diseases. 

A major part of our work involves specialised training for healthcare staff and capacity building, along with rehabilitating hospitals and expanding and improving the state of water, sanitation and hygiene services.

MSF International Activity Report 2021
Annual Report

International Activity Report 2021

Report 13 Jul 2022

Our activities in Somalia in 2021

Data and information from the International Activity Report 2021.

MSF IN SOMALIA IN 2021 Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) runs projects in Somalia and Somaliland to assist people affected by conflict and extreme weather patterns, such as prolonged droughts and seasonal floods.
Map sowing MSF activities in Somalia

These adverse events have caused mass displacements and had a severe impact on access to food, water and healthcare. In 2021, 5.9 million people in Somalia and Somaliland needed humanitarian assistance, 2.9 million people were displaced, mainly due to conflict and climate-related disasters, and 3.5 million people were considered food insecure.* In addition, rates of deaths during pregnancy, childbirth and childhood are ranked among the highest in the world. Diseases such as measles and diarrhoea are the leading causes of death in children.

Throughout the year, our teams ran medical services in hospitals in towns and cities, focusing on maternal, paediatric and emergency care, nutritional support, COVID-19 and diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) and multi-drug-resistant TB. We also ran mobile clinics to remote areas to deliver care to people living in displacement camps and the surrounding communities. 

Measles, highly contagious, vaccine-preventable and – for children – often deadly, remained prevalent in the country, with outbreaks hitting several regions in 2021. In Lower Juba, Southwest state and Mudug region in Galmudug state, MSF teams supported the Ministry of Health with measles vaccination campaigns, treatment and health education sessions.

After the third consecutive season of poor rainfalls and resulting drought conditions, we responded to an acute malnutrition emergency in Jubaland during the 'hunger gap' or lean season between harvests. Teams carried out active surveillance and screening and provided nutritional treatment and medical care to children under five. 

We partnered with a local medical organisation to run ‘eye camps’ in Jubaland and Southwest state, conducting screening and surgical interventions for common eye conditions that cause blindness if left untreated.

*UNOCHA, Somalia situation report.

In 2021

A young girl receiving measles vaccine in Odweyne district, Somaliland.

One of the largest measles outbreaks in the world: 100,000 children vaccinated

Latest News 4 Aug 2022
Responding to COVID-19 second wave in Somalia
COVID-19 (coronavirus disease)

Somalia: MSF teams respond to second wave of COVID-19

Latest News 30 Mar 2021
Patients awaiting consultation for eye treatment at Jubaland Somalia
Access To Medicines

Somalia: ‘Eye camps’ give people the chance to see again

Patient and Staff Stories 24 Feb 2021
Somaliland community educating and counselling for TB patients

Adapting education and counselling for TB patients in Somaliland on the eve of COVID-19

Latest News 18 Sep 2020

Flooding In Somalia: 270,000 people displaced & in need of support

Press Release 6 Nov 2019

A doctor returns home after 20 years outside the country

Fieldworkers Stories 1 Feb 2019