Doctors Without Borders (MSF) Edith Clinic in Zimbabwe
International Women's Day

Overcoming taboos for women's positive sexual health

Good sexual and reproductive health is important for the quality of life for all people, yet there are myriad challenges to ensuring this for cisgender and transgender women and girls around the world.

Contraception, protection from sexually transmitted infections, maternity care, safe abortion care, counselling and self-care tools are all important enablers for women to have an active and positive sexual life, free from physical or psychological suffering. But taboos and fears among communities at large, friends and families, and even women themselves, cast a negative light instead, creating barriers to women’s well-being.

Unmarried women, adolescents and girls, sex workers, women among the LGBTQI+ community, or those already living with a stigmatised condition can be specially excluded from information, care and support.

Contraceptive Device at Doctors Without Borders, MSF Teen Mums' Club
Intrauterine Contraceptive Device information at Teen Mums Club.
Dorothy Meck

In recent years, Doctors Without Borders (MSF) has tackled this in increasingly diverse ways. Projects in Greece, Honduras and Zimbabwe have shown that strengthening women’s own agency and community support can work hand-in-hand to enable positive engagement with women’s sexual and reproductive health needs in a way that reverberates through the social fabric.

In each of these countries, women, girls, men, parents and neighbours have a compelling story to share as they participate in and drive this change.

Raising a voice for transgender women seeking asylum

Persecution has long driven people to seek asylum far from home, as is the case for a small community of transgender women who have, over time, fled Cuba for the safety of Greece. Although women are safer now, they still struggle to access healthcare in their new locations.


Yuli*, an advocate for her community Most of the trans who came here do not have any medication. They experience sexually transmitted diseases—that is life. But it is very difficult to find medical support,
Yuli on the MSF Day Care Centre balcony

Since 2016, MSF has operated an outpatient Day Care Centre in Athens, which currently offers a comprehensive package of multidisciplinary services for migrants, asylum-seekers and refugees, and marginalised groups of people in need of healthcare. All the activities are supported by a large team of cultural mediators, including translators, who also join the urban outreach team, extending services as far as they can to communities like Yuli’s.

Yuli has made it her mission to encourage and motivate her peers to prioritise their sexual health and protect themselves.

Standing up for sex workers’ sexual health 

For sex workers in San Pedro Sula, access to medical and psychological care has been limited by social stigma and a lack of inclusive services. Society’s judgement has been mirrored in the stance of healthcare staff, who have been disdainful instead of welcoming to sex workers seeking information, protection from infection, or treatment.

Nadia in a consultation with Doctors Without Boders, MSF staff at San Pedro Sula clinic
It has been a blessing to find MSF’s clinic. I can find everything: prevention and control of HIV, syphilis and sexually transmitted diseases, family planning… psychological help and social work. Nadia*, a sex worker in Honduras

Doctors Without Borders (MSF) opened the San Pedro Sula Clinic in July 2021 to improve access to care for the sex worker and the LGBTQI+ community. Nadia has been visiting the clinic for almost two years now. 

Outreach teams also visit the community to help overcome mistrust and misinformation. “Personally, I suffered too much during the time I didn't take care of myself,” says Nadia. ”I realised that everything has a price—that taking care of myself was priceless.”

Including teen mothers in healthcare and social support 

For teenage girls in Zimbabwe, falling pregnant is taboo, but they often have little or no say in decisions affecting their bodies and lives. They also have little or no access to appropriate information and services and are dissuaded from seeking it.

Marvellous Nzenza at an Doctors Without Borders, MSF Teen Mums Club session
More than 120 girls like Marvellous are enrolled in the MSF Teen Mums' Clubs to gain knowledge about sexual and reproductive health and skills to return to school or create income.
Dorothy Meck
The formation of this club brought a huge change in reducing maternal deaths within our communities. Those who received help are now spreading the message. MARVELLOUS NZENZA, 18-YEAR OLD PEER EDUCATOR AND TEEN MUM IN ZIMBABWE

In 2020, as COVID-19 lockdowns closed schools and limited work, incomes and movement, there was a surge in unplanned pregnancies in Zimbabwe—and in the community surrounding MSF’s adolescent sexual and reproductive health program in Mbare and Epworth. To respond to the specific needs of the pregnant girls, the MSF team formed the Teen Mums’ Club. 

When Marvellous became pregnant just before starting a new year of school, her parents were shocked. She says, “I did not know what to do or who to turn to.” But discovering the club allowed her to meet other girls like her, learn about the risks associated with early pregnancy, and learn about issues such as contraception, safe sex and pregnancy. Inspired by her experience Marvellous is now a peer educator in the Club.